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Korruption & Misswirtschaft

Diese Medienberichte sollen deutlich machen, wie hemmungslos Herrschaftscliquen afrikanischer Länder sich am Vermögen ihrer Völker bereichern, und zugleich sollen sie auf das Versagen unserer Politiker hinweisen, auf diesen Skandal angemessen zu reagieren.
Für Übersetzungen empfiehlt sich www.deepl.com/translator

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Niger

How a Notorious Arms Dealer Hijacked Niger’s Budget and Bought Weapons From Russia

OCCRP ORGANIZOED CRIME AND CORRUPTION REPORTING PROJECT

by Mark Anderson, Khadija Sharife, and Nathalie Prevost

As militant groups spread across the Sahel, the West African nation of Niger went on a U.S.-backed military spending spree that totaled about US$1 billion between 2011 and 2019.

But almost a third of that money was funnelled into inflated international arms deals – seemingly designed to allow corrupt officials and brokers to siphon off government funds, according to a confidential government audit obtained by OCCRP that covers those eight years.

The Inspection Générale des Armées, an independent body that audits the armed forces, found problems with contracts amounting to over $320 million out of the $875 million in military spending it reviewed. The U.S. contributed almost $240 million to Niger’s military budget over the same period.

The Inspection Générale’s auditors said more than 76 billion West African francs had been lost to corruption, which is about $137 million at the current exchange rate.

They discovered that much of the equipment sourced from international firms – including Russian, Ukrainian, and Chinese state-owned defense companies – was significantly overpriced, not actually delivered, or purchased without going through a competitive bidding process.

“The rigged bidding process, fake competition, and inflated pricing in these deals is astounding,” said Andrew Feinstein, a leading arms expert and author of “The Shadow World: Inside the Global Arms Trade.”

The Nigerien authorities are investigating the findings of the audit, which have caused a scandal in the country after some details were reported in the press earlier this year.

The country has become a key ally for the United States in fighting groups like Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and the Islamic State West Africa Province, better known as Boko Haram.

The surge in spending over the last decade helped Niger become one of the most formidable military powers in the region. The country – one of the world’s poorest – bought arms ranging from attack helicopters and fighter jets to armored vehicles and automatic rifles.

In addition to cash it provided to Niger’s military, the U.S. spent $280 million building a massive air base near the ancient trading city of Agadez in the north of the country. The base, which reportedly costs $30 million a year to run, allows U.S. forces to launch drones for both surveillance and air strikes.

American forces are also training Nigerien soldiers and fighting alongside them. In 2017, four U.S. Special Forces officers were killed in an ambush in the country’s frontier with Mali and Burkina Faso, reportedly by fighters associated with the so-called Islamic State.

France and the European Union are also major donors to Niger’s military, which receives further aid through its membership in G5 Sahel, a regional joint military force. The audit report raises the possibility that some of the military aid ended up in the pockets of unscrupulous private individuals and corrupt government officials.

At the center of the network of corruption are two Nigerien businessmen who acted as intermediaries in the deals: the well-known arms dealer Aboubacar Hima, and Aboubacar Charfo, a construction contractor with no previous experience in the defense sector. Auditors allege that the two men rigged bids by using companies under their control to create the illusion of competition for contracts.

Their success points to the opportunities available to a small clique of well-connected insiders with close ties to Niger’s government.

“As far as the audit is concerned, I don’t think there’ll be any prosecutions,” said Hassane Diallo, head of Niger-based Centre d’Assistance Juridique et d’Action Citoyenne, an anti-corruption group.

“All the economic actors mentioned in the audit belong to the ruling party. They come from the same region as the president.”

Hima’s lawyer, Marc Le Bihan, declined to answer reporters’ questions, saying that his client could not be reached and adding that he was not being prosecuted in connection with the auditors’ report.

Ferocious Style’

Through a handful of companies connected to him, Hima, who goes by the nicknames “Style Féroce” and “Petit Boubé,” handled at least three quarters of all the arms purchases scrutinized by the Inspection Générale. Together the deals were worth $240 million.

It is unclear exactly how Hima, the son of a civil servant at the Ministry of Agriculture, rose to such prominence in Niger’s political and business circles.

One key moment was likely his 2005 marriage to the daughter of former President Ibrahim Bare Maïnassara, who was killed in a 1999 coup. The marriage is likely to have brought him closer to Niger’s political establishment, since the party that Maïnassara once led now “supports the current regime,” according to Diallo.

In 2003, Hima set up Imprimerie du Plateau, a printing business that remains active today. By 2010 he had made the leap into the arms business in neighboring Nigeria, where he established companies that would play key roles in the deals auditors scrutinized in his home country.

Most of Hima’s deals were signed under a 2013 national security law that allowed for some of Niger’s defense spending to be carried out in direct negotiations with any company, rather than putting it to public tender. Niger scrapped that law in 2016, replacing it with one requiring a more transparent process. But by that point, much of the damage had been done.

Most of the sales identified in the audit had bypassed oversight bodies within the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Finance whose input was required under the 2013 law. The tenders also did not include key documentation, such as the prices offered by the various bidders.

In one deal facilitated by Hima in 2016, Niger’s Ministry of Defense bought two Mi-171Sh military transport and assault helicopters from Rosoboronexport, Russia’s state-owned defense company. The purchase, which also included maintenance and ammunition, cost Niger 55 million euros, or $54.8 million – an overpayment of about $19.7 million, according to the Inspection Générale. The auditors noted that the prices had been inflated by fraud and corruption.

Russia’s African Arms Deals

Rosoboronexport relies on African governments for about 30 percent of its business. Because the state arms company is under U.S. and EU sanctions, it can’t openly receive payment for the deals in U.S. dollars or euros. As a result, the company’s transactions tend to avoid Western financial institutions, which are obligated to flag suspicious transactions to regulators.

In its contract with Niger's government, Rosoboronexport asked for payments to be made into an account it held at VTB Bank, a Russian lender with majority state ownership. The account was held at the bank’s branch in Germany, which ranks as a top financial secrecy jurisdiction.

Rosoboronexport did not tell auditors who controlled that account.

"By using a VTB account in Germany, Rosoboronexport is trying to make the money flows from its arms deals as opaque as possible," Feinstein said.

Nigerien auditors visited Moscow early this year in search of information about the helicopters and other purchases that had been facilitated by Hima on behalf of Niger’s defense ministry. But the auditors were left in the dark about the terms of the deals. Rosoboronexport refused to provide any information, telling the Nigerien government auditors that the agreements were “confidential.”

“[Rosoboronexport’s] failure to explain the pricing difference on this clandestine deal can only mean one thing: corruption,” Feinstein said. “The Russians clearly colluded with Nigerien officials to sell overpriced arms in a deal that was obviously illegal.”

Rosoboronexport declined to answer OCCRP’s emailed requests for comment. Reached by phone, a representative said: “If you are from the United States, we cannot help you with any answers via email.”

The audit report outlines a series of unorthodox – and in at least one case, blatantly illegal – machinations that allowed Hima to control much of Niger’s arms procurement process.

Through his political influence in the defense establishment, a company Hima had founded in neighboring Nigeria, TSI, gained power of attorney on behalf of the Ministry of Defense. This gave him the ability to approve weapons deals and issue end-user certificates, a type of document meant to ensure that weapons sold to one client are not passed on, or resold, to an unauthorized third party.

This is in violation of the Arms Trade Treaty that Niger has signed, which states that end use certificates can only be issued by relevant government ministries,” said Ara Marcen Naval, the head of defense and security advocacy for Transparency International.

The Desert Arms Depot

The corruption of the end-user certificate system in Niger is particularly resonant given the country's longtime role as an arms trafficking hub. This history dates to the Cold War, when the Soviet Union funneled arms into Niger before shipping them onward to its allies.

The power to issue certificates himself gave Hima the ability to steer government contracts to his own companies, like TSI, or to his partners. It also allowed him to limit the amount of oversight included in the deals’ terms, which removed a crucial safeguard that allows authorities to know who they are selling arms to.

Even before being granted power of attorney, Hima managed to issue Rosoboronexport an end-user certificate on behalf of Niger’s Ministry of Defense in 2018. Hima was on both ends of the deal: While he organized the purchase on behalf of the ministry, his company, TSI, acted as Rosoboronexport’s Niger representative. His company did not appear on the contract.

“The fact that TSI was allowed to represent Rosoboronexport – let alone Niger’s Ministry of Defence – makes this one of the most extreme examples of corruption in the arms trade that I’ve ever come across,” Feinstein said.

Hima used other shady techniques, too. For the helicopter deal and others, companies under his control submitted fake bids to create fictitious and unfair competition, auditors noted.

Another company linked to Hima, Nigeria-registered Brid A Defcon, won a $4.3 million contract to build a specialized hangar for Nigerien President Mahamadou Issoufou’s official plane. Two other companies that submitted bids for the contract — both controlled by Hima — echoed the names of well-known international manufacturers.

Auditors reviewed multiple deals signed between Brid A Defcon, a company linked to Aboubacar Hima, and the Ministry of Defense.

One was Motor Sich, which appeared to be an Algerian affiliate of the well-known Ukrainian engine manufacturer. The Ukraine-based Motor Sich told auditors that the company had not made any bids in the deal, said they had no connection to the Algerian entity, and denied any wrongdoing.

However, according to the audit report, it appears that the Algerian Motor Sich affiliate did win other tenders offered by Niger’s government, including a $11.5 million arms supply contract. Hima’s company, Brid A Defcon, acted as Motor Sich’s local agent in Niger in that deal as well.

The other company that submitted a bid for the helicopter deal was Aerodyne Technologies, which used the name of a defunct French aviation company. Though Aerodyne submitted its bid as a company based in the UAE, it appeared to actually be registered in Ukraine, according to the audit.

“As usual, Brid A Defcon has put the companies Motor Sich and Aerodyne Technologies in competition,” auditors noted.

Aerodyne opened emails from OCCRP but did not respond to questions. Brid a Defcon could not be reached for comment.

Among other problematic deals mentioned in the audit, Brid A Defcon also received $4.9 million to outfit the presidential plane with an anti-missile system that was incompatible with the aircraft.

Constructing Arms Deals

Sacks of cement and metal rods are piled on the ground next to a small building in Niamey, Niger’s capital. The compound, a one-story, dirt-colored concrete structure, is the unassuming headquarters of Etablissement Aboubacar Charfo, a construction company named after its owner.

Charfo had no prior experience in the defense sector, and there is no publicly available evidence of him winning any government contracts before President Mahamadou Issoufou came to power in 2011.

Charfo was known as an importer of bathroom tiles and building materials including cement, but he also managed to facilitate nearly $100 million worth of contracts for the government.

He appears to have gotten into the arms trading business through his contacts with the office of Issoufou. Both he and the president hail from the Tahoua Region, where Charfo is said to have strong ties to the ruling Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism.

According to publicly available audits of various government bodies carried out by the accounting firm Bureau d’Expertises Comptables in 2017 and 2018, Charfo received several contracts from the presidential administration. One of those was a 2017 contract to furnish the new headquarters of the Inspection Générale des Armées – the same authority that later produced the leaked audit which exposed his corrupt arms deals.

Charfo also received contracts from the president’s office to supply military equipment to the armed forces, including weapons and ammunition, night vision goggles, and a trailer for transporting tanks, according to Bureau d’Expertises Comptables auditors.

Auditors found that multiple companies connected to Hima had been used to create the appearance of a competitive bidding process.

The subsequent Inspection Générale audit shows that cost inflation and corrupt practices by Etablissement Aboubacar Charfo and Agacha Technologies, another company linked to Charfo, cost the Ministry of Defense $24.7 million over what it would have paid with fair competition.

The auditors probed five contracts won by Charfo’s two companies between 2014 and 2018. These included a $40 million agreement to purchase armored personnel carriers manufactured by China’s state arms company, NORINCO. Auditors found Charfo had inflated the price, overcharging the government by $8.2 million.

In a 2017 deal, according to the Inspection Générale, Charfo’s Agacha Technologies won a $6.5 million contract to supply 30 buses to the Ministry of Defense. Over half of that total was lost to over-invoicing and wasteful spending, the auditors found.

They also discovered that, like Hima, Charfo manipulated the procurement process to create the impression that he was competing against rival companies.

In reality, the “competing” companies were either controlled directly by Charfo or linked to him. He and his associates benefited from “fake bids and the use of fake competition,” according to the audit.

“The winner of the contract was known in advance,” it read.

Jet-Fuelled Corruption

Charfo and Hima weren’t the only businesspeople who appeared to have gotten rich on Niger’s military spending spree by using shell companies to rig bids for arms deals. Several companies in Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the Czech Republic also appeared to benefit.

The people behind these schemes remain unknown because some of the companies were registered in offshore jurisdictions that enable their owners to remain anonymous. Others were formed as UK limited liability partnerships, which are controlled by other companies, not individuals, and are not obligated to disclose their directors or owners.

At least one of the deals involving these offshore entities appears to have included built-in kickbacks.

In 2012, Ukraine’s state defense company, Ukrspecexport, won a contract to supply Niger with two second-hand SU-25 fighter jets built in 1984. Niger’s Ministry of Defense paid $12.5 million for both aircraft, including $1 million for insurance and delivery and $1.9 million for spare parts. The audit noted that the prices had been inflated and the additional cost of more than 350 spare parts appeared unnecessary and suspicious.

“Adding spare parts to arms contracts is a common technique to build in the cost of kickbacks,” Feinstein said.

The Ukrainian company denied that it made the deals with Niger.

“Ukrspecexport did not make such deliveries and does not have any information on the issues you are asking about,” a representative said in an email.

Despite Ukrspecexport’s denial, international arms trade data collected by the Stockholm International Peace Institute confirms that Niger ordered the two second-hand aircraft, and that they were delivered the following year.

Niger ordered two SU-25 fighter jets from Ukraine in 2012, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s Arms Transfers Database.

The Nigerien auditors also discovered an addendum to the SU-25 contract that appeared to facilitate a bribe. It stipulated that Stretfield Development, a London-based shell company with unknown owners, was to receive a $2 million commission on the deal in a “maneuver” the auditors described as “collusive” and “contrary to regulations.” The contract specified that the fee would be funded by the Nigerien Ministry of Defense, but paid through another London-based shell company, Halltown Business, which was shut down shortly after the deal was completed.

Details of the suspicious sale did not come as a surprise to Daria Kaleniuk, the head of the Anticorruption Action Centre, a leading Ukrainian advocacy group.

“For many years, Ukrspecexport was known to be a very dodgy company which has a monopoly of trading weapons and army equipment abroad through secret sealed deals,” she said.

The address in London where Halltown was registered belonged to a company formation agent and was used by over 400 other companies. Among these were four firms that were part of the Azerbaijani Laundromat, a vast money-laundering operation that benefitted elites from that country and was previously reported by OCCRP. Halltown’s ownership trail led to a Panamanian company with two Ukrainian directors.

Niger also signed separate maintenance deals with a firm called EST Ukraine. The defense ministry agreed to pay the company $4.3 million for the upkeep of its MI-35s helicopter gunships and the second-hand SU-25 jets it had bought from Ukraine’s state defense company.

But EST Ukraine did not receive the payment. In fact, it was not even formally registered as a company. The company that received the payments — another Ukrainian firm called Espace Soft Trading Limited — was “not a party to the contract.”

That company, formed in 1998, is controlled by Yuri Ivanushchenko, once a member of the Ukrainian parliament and an ally of former president Viktor Yanukovych, who was ousted in a popular uprising in 2014. The auditors listed Ivanushchenko’s company as one of the beneficiaries of the rigged bidding.

“During Yanukovych’s presidency, his close associate Yuri Ivanushchenko was overseeing work of Ukrspecexport and had significant influence over its decisions,” Kaleniuk said.

As with many of the other deals, auditors found that the bids for these maintenance contracts had been rigged. In addition to EST Ukraine, several other foreign shell companies submitted bids, presumably in an effort to create the appearance of competition. One of these was the UAE-registered Aerodyne Technologies, under Aboubacar Hima’s control.

Both Aerodyne and the winning EST Ukraine were run by Gintautis Baraukas, an associate of Hima who appeared to run shell companies on his behalf. Little is known about Barauskas, who used a false nationality while operating a network of shell firms in the UAE.

“This gentleman is not Ukrainian, he is in fact Latvian … He is involved in several cases that served to extort large sums of money from the State of Niger,” the auditors wrote.

EST Ukraine did not respond to requests for comment.

The Spoils

A white marble mosque rises beside Hima’s palatial mansion. Nearby is an elaborate water feature with streams tumbling over rusty-brown rock. Frozen in sculpture, a family of elephants marches toward a whimsically curved swimming pool overlooking the Niger River.

Hima’s residence in Niger’s capital is an ostentatious display of wealth in a country that ranks dead last on the United Nations Development Index, which measures a nation’s well-being based on indicators like life expectancy and access to education.

Niger’s treasury is footing the bill for the country’s military spending, which has grown as a percentage of the country’s gross domestic product from less than 1 percent in 2009 to 2.5 percent in 2017, according to the World Bank.

Hima also owns three apartments in the Czech capital, Prague worth over $2 million in total. He acquired them in 2015, first shelling out $1.5 million for a penthouse in the Dock Marina, a luxurious residential complex on the Vltava River that allows residents to park their boats near the entrance. He purchased two more apartments in the development in the following months.

Hima’s business interests in Prague go beyond property. His now-defunct Nigerian company, Brid A Defcon, frequently partnered with a Czech-registered firm with a similar name, Defcon s.r.o, in 2009, according to the audit.

In 2017 and 2018, the Czech firm fulfilled a $33.6 million contract from Niger’s government to deliver 80 trucks manufactured by the Austrian firm Steyr. Supposedly bidding against Defcon s.r.o was the Algerian branch of Motor Sich. Brid A Defcon submitted the bid on behalf of Motor Sich, which it controlled, in an apparent attempt to show the process was competitive.

Motor Sich managers said it had never made such a bid, leading auditors to conclude that the company name had been “usurped.”

Such deals fueled Hima’s luxury lifestyle and made him the most conspicuous of Niger’s illicit arms traders, said Diallo, the anti-corruption specialist, adding that it was “no surprise” that he invested his profits abroad.

“Charfo has buildings in Niamey, but he and the others are less visible than [Hima],” he said.

Diallo said the corrupt arms deals “not only exposed a hidden financial cost to Niger — the poorest country in the world — but also showed how Niger’s sovereignty was captured and exploited.”

-------------------------------------------
Additional reporting by Marshall Van Valen in Abidjan, Pavla Holcova in Prague, Elena Loginova in Kyiv, and Juliet Atellah in Nairobi.

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19.05.2018
NIgeria

Rückführung von veruntreutem Staatsvermögen

(mehr)

04.04.2018
Niger

Un échangeur pour 42,5 milliards FCFA (= 64 Mio. Euro)

(mehr)

24.03.2018
Zimbabwe

Police investigate former first lady Grace Mugabe

(mehr)

18.02.2018
Cameroon

Cameroon’s president, Paul Biya, likes to travel abroad.

(mehr)

12.11.2017
Afrika

Paradise Papers

(mehr)

05.11.2017
Afrika

Rotes Kreuz in Afrika veruntreut sechs Millionen Dollar

(mehr)

27.10.2017
Guinée équatoriale

Teodorín Obiang condamné à trois ans de prison

(mehr)

27.10.2017
Equatorial Guinea

President Obiang's son given suspended sentence in French trial


(mehr)

25.10.2017
Afrika

Plündern als Prinzip

(mehr)

17.10.2017
Afrika

Panama Papers

(mehr)

27.09.2017
Afrika

Abgeordneten-Gehälter – Berlin bescheidener als Afrika

(mehr)

17.09.2017
Kenya

le juge David Maraga retourne 5 millions de dollars

(mehr)

12.09.2017
Sénégal

Président nomme son frère Aliou à la tête de la Caisse des dépôts

(mehr)

28.08.2017
Nigeria

Nigeria seizes N7.6b from Diezani Alison-Madueke

(mehr)

26.08.2017
Guinea

Illegale Zahlungen an Guineas Militärjunta

(mehr)

19.08.2017
Angola

Angola – im Reich einer Clique

(mehr)

14.08.2017
Kenia

Portrait Uhuru Kenyatta

(mehr)

21.07.2017
Republic of Congo

$750 million in mining revenues fails to reach treasury

(mehr)

27.06.2017
Nigeria

'mystery man' Kolawole 'Kola' Aluko

(mehr)

27.06.2017
Angola

le parachute doré du président José Eduardo dos Santos


(mehr)

27.06.2017
Niger

LE PRÉSIDENT MILLIARDAIRE DU NIGER

(mehr)

26.06.2017
Congo

President’s daughter charged with corruption in France

(mehr)

20.06.2017
Äquatorialguinea

Der korrupte Präsidentensohn

(mehr)

03.06.2017
Canada

Des palais africains aux condos québécois

(mehr)

28.04.2017
Tansania

Präsident entlässt Tausende Beamte - wegen gefälschter Abschlüsse

(mehr)

13.04.2017
Nigeria

Nigeria's EFCC 'finds $43m in Lagos flat'

(mehr)

23.01.2017
Gambia

Gambia's former leader Yahya Jammeh 'made off with millions and luxury cars'

(mehr)

07.01.2017
Äquatorialguinea

Eine Pest namens Korruption

(mehr)

28.12.2016
Nigeria

Nigeria streicht Zehntausenden „Geisterbeamten“ das Gehalt

(mehr)

03.11.2016
Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea's VP Obiang's cars seized in Switzerland

(mehr)

06.10.2016
Afrika

Nepotismus

(mehr)

12.09.2016
South Sudan

Leaders Amass Great Wealth as Nation Suffers, Report Says

(mehr)

23.08.2016
Malawi

Corruption getting worse

(mehr)

05.06.2016
NIgeria

„Gestohlene“ 10 Milliarden

(mehr)

18.05.2016
Zimbabwe

Missing $15 billion diamond revenue

(mehr)

25.04.2016
Nigeria

Une locomotive dans l'impasse ?

(mehr)

22.04.2016
Afrika

Biens mal acquis : saisie à Paris et à Nice de propriétés de la famille Bongo

(mehr)

14.04.2016
Afrika

Afrikas Reiche plündern ihren Kontinent (Panama Papers)

(mehr)

13.04.2016
Somalia

Aufbruchstimmung in Mogadiscio

(mehr)

05.04.2016
Afrika

Panama Papers: Diese Afrikaner stehen unter Druck

(mehr)

03.04.2016
Afrika

The Panama Papers

(mehr)

06.10.2015
Ghana

Ghana suspends 7 high court judges over corruption accusations

(mehr)

02.10.2015
Zimbabwe

Vice president’s 287-day hotel stay

(mehr)

12.08.2015
Afrika

Bis zu 482 Prozent Wachstumsrate

(mehr)

25.06.2015
Tunisia

Widespread Graft Benefited Tunisian Leader’s Family, Study Says

(mehr)

22.06.2015


Wealthy Africans

(mehr)

04.06.2015
Haiti

Die verschwundenen Millionen von Haiti

(mehr)

01.06.2015
Angola

The severe inequality of the Angolan oil boom.

(mehr)

13.05.2015
Benin

Détournement de fonds au Bénin: démission du ministre de l'Energie

(mehr)

22.04.2015
Africa

Super-rich Africans splash out big bucks for luxury London homes

(mehr)

23.03.2015
Senegal

Senegal's Karim Wade jailed for corruption

(mehr)

23.03.2015
Senegal

Son of Senegal's ex-president Wade sentenced for corruption

(mehr)

17.03.2015
Nigeria

Genfer Justiz will 380 Millionen Dollar an Nigeria zurückgeben


(mehr)

17.03.2015
Nigeria

Switzerland to return Sani Abacha 'loot' to Nigeria

(mehr)

12.03.2015
South Africa

The salaries of the world's heads of state

(mehr)

11.03.2015
Tunisie

Les biens mal acquis du clan Ben Ali

(mehr)

14.02.2015
Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Loses Track of Millions in Ebola Funds

(mehr)

06.01.2015
Schweiz

Rekord-Schwarzgeld aus dem Süden

(mehr)

16.12.2014
Developing World

Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2003-2012

(mehr)

16.12.2014
Developing World

Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2003-2012

(mehr)

01.12.2014
Nigeria

Zwölf Milliarden Dollar verschwunden

(mehr)

01.10.2014
Centrafrique

Samba-Panza, dos Santos et les 10 millions de dollars

(mehr)

12.03.2014
Zimbabwe

$16 million for Mugabe family

(mehr)

07.02.2014
Mali

Des indemnités et primes astronomiques pour les députés

(mehr)

31.01.2014
Tanzania

Tanzanian shock at MPs' $98,000 pay-off

(mehr)

24.01.2014
Niger

Disparition de 600 millions d'euros

(mehr)

22.11.2013
South Africa

Jacob Zuma's Nkandla home: South African papers defy photo ban

(mehr)

11.11.2013
Afrika

Korruption in Afrika

(mehr)

03.10.2013
Kongo

Eine Milliarde Euro an europäischen Steuergeldern im Kongo versickert

(mehr)

17.09.2013
Liberia

Liberian president's son quits as head of state oil firm

(mehr)

15.09.2013
Senegal

Karim Wade doit justifier de l'origine de 150 millions d'euros supplémentaires


(mehr)

08.07.2013
Africa

Global Witness's Charmian Gooch at TED Global 2013

(mehr)

14.06.2013
Afrika

Grosse illegale Geldabflüsse

(mehr)

02.06.2013
Libya

Libya asks South Africa to help recover Gaddafi riches

(mehr)

19.05.2013
Niger

La fille d’un dignitaire nigérien interpellée en France avec un milliard de francs CFA

(mehr)

19.05.2013
Afrika

Afrika, Kontinent der Steuerschlupflöcher

(mehr)

01.05.2013
Kenya

New Kenyan lawmakers vote themselves free luxury car perk, worth $60,000

(mehr)

15.04.2013
Senegal

Karim Wade arrested

(mehr)

01.03.2013
Angola

Isabel dos Santos, Angola`s First Billionaire

(mehr)

26.02.2013
NIger

21 fonctionnaires écroués pour détournement de fonds


(mehr)

08.02.2013
Afrika

Wundersame Geldvermehrung

(mehr)

21.12.2012
Uganda

Entwicklungshilfe: Wenn die EU Korruptionshilfe betreibt...


(mehr)

08.12.2012
Afrika

Von den 30 korruptesten Staaten der Welt liegt die Hälfte in Afrika.

(mehr)

28.11.2012
Uganda

‘Give our dollars back, you bad, bad hyena!’ (Opinion)

(mehr)

11.11.2012
Uganda

Nine Corruption Scandals to Look Back At

(mehr)

08.10.2012
Mali

Université de Bamako : Corruption à ciel ouvert

(mehr)

02.10.2012
Südafrika

18,7 Mio. Euro Steuergelder für Zumas Privatdomizil

(mehr)

28.09.2012
Afrika

Afrikas 200 versteckte Milliardäre

(mehr)

01.09.2012
Angola

Auf Öl gebaut

(mehr)

13.07.2012
Guinée équatoriale

Biens mal acquis : mandat d'arrêt contre le fils du président de Guinée équatoriale

(mehr)

15.05.2012
Côte d'Ivoire

Plus de 700 millions FCFA sur un compte bancaire de Laurent Gbagbo


(mehr)

11.05.2012
Niger

Présidents détournent le budget

(mehr)

02.05.2012
Cameroun

Les baskets Sawa font l'audacieux pari du « made in Africa »

(mehr)

29.03.2012
Libye

L'Italie saisit pour 1,1 milliard d'euros de biens de la famille Kadhafi


(mehr)

02.03.2012
Gabon, Rép. du Congo

Comment Sassou-Nguesso et Bongo se seraient enrichis

(mehr)

10.02.2012
Cameroun

Les détournements de fonds publics, au moins 2,8 milliards d'euros


(mehr)

23.01.2012
Tchad

12 MILLIARDS DE FRANCS CFA POUR LE MARIAGE DU PRÉSIDENT DÉBY

(mehr)

29.12.2011
Niger

DECLARATION DES BIENS DES MEMBRES DU GOUVERNEMENT:
OMAR HAMIDOU TCHANA, MINISTRE D'ETAT, MINISTRE DES MINES ET DU DEVELOPPEMENT INDUSTRIEL


(mehr)

02.11.2011
Äquatorialguinea

Kein Bugatti für Afrika

(mehr)

13.09.2011
France

Chirac, Villepin et Le Pen accusés de financements occultes

(mehr)

28.07.2011
Uganda

"Entwicklungshilfe": Russische Kampfjets für Uganda

(mehr)

09.06.2011
France

Biens mal acquis

(mehr)

09.06.2011
France

Biens mal acquis

(mehr)

04.05.2011
Afrika

Potentatengelder

(mehr)

01.05.2011
Afrika

Niebel stellt Promi-Fonds Ultimatum

(mehr)

11.03.2011
Afrika

Die Milliarden der Diktatoren

(mehr)

07.03.2011
Afrika

Vom Reichtum auf dem Kontinent des Hungers

(mehr)

28.02.2011
Äquatorialguinea

Äquatorialguineas Herrscher lieben den Luxus.

(mehr)

22.02.2011
Guinea

Guinea bankrupted by junta - President Alpha Conde

(mehr)

10.02.2011
Kamerun

Milliarden Euro an Staatsgeldern veruntreut

(mehr)

08.02.2011
Nigeria

Riches Flow Into Nigeria, but Are Lost After Arrival

(mehr)

01.02.2011
Ägypten

Familie Mubarak hat vorgesorgt

(mehr)

24.01.2011
Afrika

Global Fund statement on abuse of funds in some countries

(mehr)

03.01.2011
Elfenbeinküste

Gbagbos schwarze Kassen

(mehr)

30.12.2010
Afrika

Afrikas Despoten können's nicht lassen

(mehr)

29.12.2010
Gabon

Selon WikiLeaks, Omar Bongo aurait détourné des fonds au profit de partis français

(mehr)

21.12.2010
Britannien

Diktatoren bevorzugen London


(mehr)

20.12.2010
Kenya

2,500 to be sacked in Kenyan ministry employment scandal

(mehr)

19.12.2010
Kenya

Graft in education

(mehr)

10.11.2010


Biens mal acquis

(mehr)

06.09.2010
Mali

Important détournement de fonds au ministère de la Santé

(mehr)

08.06.2010
Africa

World Bank and Switzerland Call for Action Against Asset Theft and Corruption

(mehr)

08.06.2010
Africa

About 16.2 billion - 32.4 Euros stolen every year through bribery etc.

(mehr)

03.06.2010
Sénégal

Le Sénégal gaspille toujours

(mehr)

14.05.2010
Liberia

A second term for Sirleaf

(mehr)

12.05.2010
Tanzania

Kikwete's foreign trips gobble billions

(mehr)

25.02.2010
Sénégal

An outsize statue symbolises the defects of the president and his family

(mehr)

10.12.2009
Africa

African Leaders are saboteurs and enemies of progress

(mehr)

03.12.2009
Sénégal

Wade achète un terrain à 14 milliards à New York


(mehr)

29.10.2009
Swasiland etc.

Afrikas gierige Herrscher


(mehr)

27.10.2009
Senegal

Senegal admits IMF 'money gift'

(mehr)

31.08.2009
Sambia

Schwedische Zweifel am Sinn von Entwicklungshilfe

(mehr)

24.08.2009
Zambia

Swedish Minister opens debate on corruption in Zambia

(mehr)

13.02.2009
Afrique

biens mal acquis

(mehr)

09.01.2009
Afrique

biens mal acquis

(mehr)

02.12.2008
Afrique

Biens mal acquis

(mehr)

29.11.2008
Sénégal

Pour rentrer de Paris jeudi et vendredi : Wade loue un avion, Sangomar ramène Viviane

(mehr)

06.08.2008
Swasiland

In Swasiland warten viele nur noch auf den Tod

(mehr)

17.05.2008
Kenia

94 Minister

(mehr)

01.02.2008
Afrique

Avenue Foch, j'achète !

(mehr)

04.10.2007
Niger

Veruntreuung im Heks-Programm in Niger

(mehr)

05.03.2007
Gambia

AIDS - Idiotensichere Methode


(mehr)

26.06.2006
Congo

$81,000 bill at a New York hotel

(mehr)

04.08.2002
Angola

$2bn in oil cash as Angola starves

(mehr)

00.00.0000
Nigeria

Nigeria Retrieves Part of Stolen Billions

(mehr)